The Padacia
Notes from a pad in Oslo


 The Photography of Phil Borges
Agino, 27
Mursi Hills, Ethiopia

"Agino, a Mursi warrior, was adamant about wanting a Polaroid of himself. However, when I pointed the camera at him, he immediately looked down. I later learned that the Mursi believe that looking directly into the lens can cause blindness. Although unauthorized fighting within the Mursi tribe is a taboo, warriors who kill an enemy are accorded great status. Each curved scar on Agino’s arm represents an enemy killed."

- from Enduring Spirit, photo and text by Phil Borges.

[ Click on the image for People of Indigenous Cultures ]

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A Project by Klaus Ottmann

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The Latin alphabet contained 21 letters. The Greek letters Y and Z were added at the end of the Latin alphabet during the first century BC. The latecomers were J, U and W; completing the present day English alphabet in the Middle ages.

Punctuation was not invented until the 1500s.

Upper and lower case letters are named thus because at the time when all original print had to be set in individual letters, the 'upper case' letters were stored in the case on top of the case that stored the smaller, 'lower case' letters.

When two words are combined to form a single word (e.g; cinema + complex = cineplex, breakfast + lunch = brunch) the blended word is called a portmanteau.

The verb cleave is the only English word with two synonyms which are antonyms of each other: adhere and separate.

Almost is the longest word in the English language with all the letters in alphabetical order.

Some palindromes: radar / amen enema / Ah, Satan sees Natasha / Plan no damn Madonna LP / Are we not drawn onward, we few? Drawn onward to new era?

Hydroxydesoxycorticosterone and hydroxydeoxycorticosterones are the longest one-word anagrams of each other.

The combination ough can be pronounced in nine different ways. The following sentence contains them all: "A rough-coated, dough-faced, thoughtful plough man strode through the streets of Scarborough; after falling into a slough, he coughed and hiccoughed."

There are six words in the English language with the letter combination uu - continuum, duumvir, duumvirate, muumuu, vacuum, and residuum.

The difference between a millennium and a chiliad? None. Both words mean a period of one thousand years, the former from Latin, the latter from Greek.

The proper name of our sole natural satellite is the Moon and therefore, it should be capitalized.

Dr Seuss coined the word nerd in his 1950 book If I Ran The Zoo.

The longest word in the Oxford English Dictionary was: floccinaucinihilipilification. It means, the action or habit of estimating something as worthless.

Floccinaucinihilipilification has now been surpassed by a word which is the name of a lung disease. That word is, pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis.

There are three words in the English language that end on -gry. Angry and hungry are two of them. What is the third word in the English language?

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 Arundhati Roy

The 2002 Prize for Cultural Freedom goes to Arundhati Roy of Delhi, India. Roy is the fourth person to receive the US$350,000 prize, and she intends to distribute the money to various organisations in India.

The annual Prize for Cultural Freedom was established by The Lannan Foundation to recognise people whose extraordinary and courageous work celebrates the human right to freedom of imagination, inquiry, and expression. As defined by the foundation, cultural freedom is the right of individuals and communities to define and protect valued and diverse ways of life currently threatened by globalization.

Past winners:
2001_Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian poet and human rights advocate
2000_Claudia Andujar, Swiss-born photojournalist
1999_Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan writer and human rights advocate

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Monkey, from my observation, is the most popular word included in blog titles. The monkeys I've noticed are Shiny Monkey, Banana Counting Monkey, Trained Monkey, Government Monkey, A Monkey with a Pan-Flute in a Helicopter, The Blowtorch Monkey Armada, Exciting Monkey Bum Stories for Boys & Girls, The Amazing Monkey Hero, That Purple Monkey, I am a Monkey (Lick me), Satanic Sock Monkey, Diary of a Monkey Phone Caller, and Spock the Monkey.

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Statistisk Sentralbyrå announced that the present population in Norway is 4,552,000.

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Marijuana Report at New Scientist

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Some people are afraid of what they might find if they try to analyze themselves too much, but you have to crawl into your wounds to discover where your fears are. Once the bleeding starts, the cleansing can begin.
- Tori Amos

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New findings reveal how our ancestors left Africa as one group via a southern
route to what is modern-day Yemen some 80,000 years ago. Now, climatological clues also suggest that migration into Europe took place later than previously believed. These and other discoveries are rewriting the history of humankind... The Real Eve.

The phrase Out of Africa has been in use since the 4th century B.C. in ancient Greece. National Geographic tracked the history of a proverb.

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Lost Brain introduces The Soapy Dick Pill.

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How do courts swear in atheists? What does "OK" stand for? Why is India 30 minutes out of step with everybody else? Why do men have nipples? I nuked a roach! He didn't die! Why? Questions by the bagful, answers by Cecil Adams at The Straight Dope.

Link pinched from Lin.

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What two nifty bloggers blog about.
- Whatiate by slh
- Growth Chart & Bike Rides by Thomas.

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Some words whose etymologies I didn't know.

assassin - 1531, via French and Italian, from Arabic hashshashin "hashish-user" after fanatical Ismaili Muslim sect of the time of the Crusades with a reputation for murdering opposing leaders after intoxicating themselves by eating hashish.

cheetah - 1781, from Hindi chita "leopard" from Sanskrit citra-s "distinctively marked, bright, clear". Cheetahs of at least four different sub-species once roamed through North America, Asia, Europe and Africa. Today the cheetah exists in sub-Saharan Africa as only one sub-species, with a tiny remnant population barely surviving in northern Iran.

dungaree - 1613, from Hindi dungri "coarse calico".

heroin - coined 1898 in Germany as trademark registered by Friedrich Bayer & Co. for their morphine substitute, traditionally from Greek heros because of the euphoric feeling the drug provides.

khaki - 1857, from Urdu khaki, literally "dusty", from Persian khak "dust". First introduced in uniforms of British cavalry in India (the Guide Corps, 1846).

malaria - 1740, from Italian mala aria "bad air". The mosquito-borne disease was once thought to have been caused by foul air in marshy districts.

pajamas - 1800, from Hindi pajama, from Persian paejamah, literally "leg clothing". Modern spelling pyjamas is from 1845.

pizza - is a Germanic word.

shampoo v. - 1762, from Anglo-Indian shampoo, from Hindi champo, literally "to massage".

sugar - c.1325, Sanskrit sharkara "ground or candied sugar" originally "grit, gravel". Its Old World home was India (Alexander the Great's companions marveled at the "honey without bees") and it remained exotic in Europe until the Arabs began to cultivate it in Sicily and Spain; not until after the Crusades did it begin to rival honey as the West's sweetener. The Spaniards in the West Indies began raising sugar cane in 1506; first grown in Cuba 1523; first cultivated in Brazil 1532. The -g- in the Eng. form cannot be accounted for. The pronunciation shift from s- to sh- is probably from the initial long vowel sound syu- (as in sure). Slang "euphemistic substitute for an imprecation" [O.E.D.] is attested from 1891. As a term of endearment, first recorded 1930. Sugar maple is from 1753; sugar-plum is from 1608; sugar-daddy first recorded 1926. Sugar coat (v.) "make more palatable" is from 1870.

Source: Online Etymology Dictionary.

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Oops, she did it again. And again and again... Words by Britney Spears. Pinched the first quote from Donna C Punk's blog and it led me to search for other Britney quotes. They were too easy to find.

_ Sundance is weird. The movies are weird, you actually have to think about them when you watch them.
- after attending the Sundance Film Festival.

_ England has got to be my favoritest place when I'm on tour.

_ I love seeing all my Mexican fans from the north.
- a TV interview in New York.

_ I am a really big Elvis fan and I think the real reason why we did the whole Elvis thing is because, you know, he's from Vegas.
- speaking to the Boston Herald about the Elvis jumpsuit in her promotions for her Las Vegas HBO special. Elvis Presley was from Tupelo, Miss., and lived in Memphis for most of his adult life.

_ I don't know, I just love the song. I love her, Pat Benatar. I think she's amazing... a rock and roll chick.
- speaking to the Boston Herald about her cover of the song "I Love Rock & Roll", a song made famous by Joan Jett. There is no recording of Pat Benatar ever singing the song.

_ Yes, I am a virgin and I do want to try to have sex until I'm married.

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Been looking for this poem for the longest time and now that I've found it, I'm posting it in its entirety instead of simply linking it up.

The Chaos
by Gerald Nolst Trenite (1870-1946), a Dutch observer of English.

Dearest creature in creation,
Study English pronunciation.
I will teach you in my verse
Sounds like corpse, corps, horse, and worse.
I will keep you, Suzy, busy,
Make your head with heat grow dizzy.
Tear in eye, your dress will tear.
So shall I! Oh hear my prayer.

Just compare heart, beard, and heard,
Dies and diet, lord and word,
Sword and sward, retain and Britain.
(Mind the latter, how it's written.)
Now I surely will not plague you
With such words as plaque and ague.
But be careful how you speak:
Say break and steak, but bleak and streak;
Cloven, oven, how and low,
Script, receipt, show, poem, and toe.

Hear me say, devoid of trickery,
Daughter, laughter, and Terpsichore,
Typhoid, measles, topsails, aisles,
Exiles, similes, and reviles;
Scholar, vicar, and cigar,
Solar, mica, war and far;
One, anemone, Balmoral,
Kitchen, lichen, laundry, laurel;
Gertrude, German, wind and mind,
Scene, Melpomene, mankind.

Billet does not rhyme with ballet,
Bouquet, wallet, mallet, chalet.
Blood and flood are not like food,
Nor is mould like should and would.
Viscous, viscount, load and broad,
Toward, to forward, to reward.
And your pronunciation's OK
When you correctly say croquet,
Rounded, wounded, grieve and sieve,
Friend and fiend, alive and live.

Ivy, privy, famous; clamour
And enamour rhyme with hammer.
River, rival, tomb, bomb, comb,
Doll and roll and some and home.
Stranger does not rhyme with anger,
Neither does devour with clangour.
Souls but foul, haunt but aunt,
Font, front, wont, want, grand, and grant,
Shoes, goes, does. Now first say finger,
And then singer, ginger, linger,
Real, zeal, mauve, gauze, gouge and gauge,
Marriage, foliage, mirage, and age.

Query does not rhyme with very,
Nor does fury sound like bury.
Dost, lost, post and doth, cloth, loth.
Job, nob, bosom, transom, oath.
Though the differences seem little,
We say actual but victual.
Refer does not rhyme with deafer.
Foeffer does, and zephyr, heifer.
Mint, pint, senate and sedate;
Dull, bull, and George ate late.
Scenic, Arabic, Pacific,
Science, conscience, scientific.

Liberty, library, heave and heaven,
Rachel, ache, moustache, eleven.
We say hallowed, but allowed,
People, leopard, towed, but vowed.
Mark the differences, moreover,
Between mover, cover, clover;
Leeches, breeches, wise, precise,
Chalice, but police and lice;
Camel, constable, unstable,
Principle, disciple, label.

Petal, panel, and canal,
Wait, surprise, plait, promise, pal.
Worm and storm, chaise, chaos, chair,
Senator, spectator, mayor.
Tour, but our and succour, four.
Gas, alas, and Arkansas.
Sea, idea, Korea, area,
Psalm, Maria, but malaria.
Youth, south, southern, cleanse and clean.
Doctrine, turpentine, marine.

Compare alien with Italian,
Dandelion and battalion.
Sally with ally, yea, ye,
Eye, I, ay, aye, whey, and key.
Say aver, but ever, fever,
Neither, leisure, skein, deceiver.
Heron, granary, canary.
Crevice and device and aerie.

Face, but preface, not efface.
Phlegm, phlegmatic, ass, glass, bass.
Large, but target, gin, give, verging,
Ought, out, joust and scour, scourging.
Ear, but earn and wear and tear
Do not rhyme with here but ere.
Seven is right, but so is even,
Hyphen, roughen, nephew Stephen,
Monkey, donkey, Turk and jerk,
Ask, grasp, wasp, and cork and work.

Pronunciation - think of Psyche!
Is a paling stout and spikey?
Won't it make you lose your wits,
Writing groats and saying grits?
It's a dark abyss or tunnel:
Strewn with stones, stowed, solace, gunwale,
Islington and Isle of Wight,
Housewife, verdict and indict.

Finally, which rhymes with enough–
Though, through, plough, or dough, or cough?
Hiccough has the sound of cup.
My advice is to give it up!

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I find som of th mor intrsting sits purly by chanc. I don't vn rmmbr how I ndd up with this on and th rason that I writ lik this is Homokaasu's Th Filtr. I'm gtting addictd to Homokaasu - th wbsit as a whol whr I'm now a mmbr.

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Lime Tree Arbour
by Nick Cave

The boatman calls from the lake
A lone loon dives upon the water
I put my hand over hers
Down in the lime tree arbour

The wind in the trees is whispering
Whispering low that I love her
She puts her hand over mine
Down in the lime tree arbour

Through every breath that I breathe
And every place I go
There is a hand that protects me
And I do love her so

There will always be suffering
It flows through life like water
I put my hand over hers
Down in the lime tree arbour

The boatman he has gone
And the loons have flown for cover
She puts her hand over mine
Down in the lime tree arbour

Through every word that I speak
And everything I know
There is a hand that protects me
And I do love her so

- From the 1997 Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds album, The Boatman's Call.
Every time I listen to this CD, it takes me back to the rooftop room where I stayed in Goa, facing the Mandovi River. And it reminds me of how much I'd love to go there again one day.

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The Royal Journal of Found Art is basically just crap, and that's the principle. Crumpled love notes, discarded photographs, and futile doodles are just some of the images archived by Jack Szwergold. Everything is trash; most should've gone to the incinerator but a few are rather funny.

- Three Armed Romance Novel
- The Thumbs Up Guy
- Angry Parking Ticket

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Henry Fool
This 1998 film by Hal Hartley has made staying home on a Saturday night worth it. Expectedly unconventional as Hal Hartley films go, Henry Fool is a frustrated unpublished writer who encourages a forlorn garbage man, Simon Grim, to write. And write he does - a composition of poetry so powerful that it makes a mute sing, a politician scream "pornography", and a teacher say "scatological". Brilliant screenplay, engaging twists and turns, and Parker Posey is luminous (as always) as Simon's nymphomaniac sister. It's a wacky contemporary fable.

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Homographic puns make use of multiple meanings from a single spelling. These are also referred to as antanaclasis. e.g., Time flies like an arrow. Fruit flies like a banana.

Homophonic puns use like sounds but with different spellings and meanings. This is also referred to as polyptoton. Examples of homophones are scent and sent, and jeans and genes.

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Received an email, asking if I knew the Bacon number of 10. I don't, and that query led me back to meddle some more at The Oracle of Bacon where I still can't get a Bacon number of 6 (without cheating). Tried some Bollywood Bacon, and a Malaysian actor gave a Bacon number of 5.

Aamir Khan has a Bacon number of 3
Aamir Khan was in Lagaan (2001) with John Rowe
John Rowe was in Puppet (1999) with John Doman
John Doman was in Mystic River (2003) with Kevin Bacon

Aishwarya Rai has a Bacon number of 3
Aishwarya Rai was in Albela (2001) with Saeed Jaffrey
Saeed Jaffrey was in Sphinx (1981) with Victoria Tennant
Victoria Tennant was in We Married Margo (2000) with Kevin Bacon

Shahrukh Khan has a Bacon number of 3
Shahrukh Khan was in Hey Ram (2000) with Om Puri
Om Puri was in Happy Now (2001) with Emmy Rossum
Emmy Rossum was in Mystic River (2003) with Kevin Bacon

The Malay actors:
Sheila Majid has a Bacon number of 4
Sheila Majid was in Ali Setan (1985) with Azmil Mustapha
Azmil Mustapha was in Fifty/Fifty (1992) with Charles Martin Smith
Charles Martin Smith was in Deep Cover (1992) with Laurence Fishburne
Laurence Fishburne was in Mystic River (2003) with Kevin Bacon

Aziz Sattar has a Bacon number of 5
Aziz Sattar was in Ali Baba Bujang Lapok (1960) with Sarimah
Sarimah was in Menanti Hari Esok (1977) with Noor Kumalasari
Noor Kumalasari was in Paper Tiger (1975) with Hardy Kruger
Hardy Kruger was in Wrong Is Right (1982) with Jennifer Jason Leigh
Jennifer Jason Leigh was in In the Cut (2003) with Kevin Bacon

[ Amendment: Found my first 6 ]
Roseyatimah has a Bacon number of 6
Roseyatimah was in Gerimis (1968) with P. Ramlee
P. Ramlee was in Anakku Sazali (1956) with Rosnani
Rosnani was in Amok (1995) with Samantha Schubert
Samantha Schubert was in Red Scorpion 2 (1994) with Matt McColm
Matt McColm was in The Matrix Reloaded (2003) with Laurence Fishburne
Laurence Fishburne was in Mystic River (2003) with Kevin Bacon

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The Kampung Boy 30 Years Later

I grew up reading Lat. Cik Din collected Lat books and they became tattered thanks to my constant perusal, laughing to myself or with cousins when they came to visit. Never got tired of it. Set in Malaysia, the first Lat book I read was Budak Kampung and it was followed by the English edition of The Kampung Boy and a string of other comic books all about the protagonist's life and times, family and friends, tradition and love. The essence of kampung life is absolutely vivid in Lat's books and even tonight when I surfed in to Lat, looking at the pages from his books made me dwell in nostalgia at my own kampung life - not as rich as Lat's, but as close as it got to a kampung life Singapore had to offer.

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A Nation of Voyeurs. The Boston Globe article on how Google is changing what we can find out about one another, and raising questions about whether we should.

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Finally made the effort to look up for my favourite Malay song and find out who wrote it. For a song as classic and unforgettable as this, I am surprised to find no information whatsoever about the composer other than a comment by Hamlau, who mentioned that Wandly Yazid also wrote Lanchang Kuning, and that most of his other songs are "lost".

Gurindam Jiwa
Lagu dan lirik oleh Wandly Yazid

Tuailah padi antara masak
Esok jangan layu-layuan
Intailah kami antara nampak
Esok jangan rindu-rinduan

Anak Cina pasang lukah
Lukah dipasang di Tanjung Jati
Di dalam hati tidak ku lupa
Sebagai rambut bersimpul mati

Batang selasih permainan budak
Daun sehelai dimakan kuda
Bercerai kasih bertalak tidak
Seribu tahun kembali juga

Burung merpati terbang seribu
Hinggap seekor di tengah laman
Hendak mati di hujung kuku
Hendak berkubur di tapak tangan

Kalau tuan mudik ke hulu
Carikan saya bunga kemboja
Kalau tuan mati dahulu
Nantikan saya di pintu syurga

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Many of our problems are created by ourselves based on divisions due to ideology, religion, race, economic status, or other factors. The time has come for us to think on a deeper level, on a human level and appreciate and respect our sameness as human beings.
- His Holiness the Dalai Lama
from Tibetan Portrait by Phil Borges.

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The truth is that no Viking ever had horned helmets. There is not a single finding of horned helmets from the Viking Age. However there are some helmets with horns on them but those helmets are more than thousand years older than the very first Viking.

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Useless Information: Hits to The Padacia via the search engines

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Belgium google - rough, dough-faced plough boy
Canada google - kat india colourful faces
Canada google - national geographic muay thai
Canada google - dutch dykes and bikes
Canada yahoo - sunset gourami
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Canada yahoo - gay turk
China google - marathi woman porn site of india
France yahoo - exotic racecar costumes for woman
Germany google - baku gay love
Germany yahoo - monkey bar hawaii
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India google - bengali nude woman
India google - sex I accept all cards copenhagen denmark
India yahoo - bengali gay boys pictures
Iran yahoo - asam fuck
Italy google - ora ito
Japan msn - yangu nude
jacketMalaysia yahoo - ice cream origin
Malaysia yahoo - rozana ring tones
Mexico google - bondage escapology new
Namibia google - jokes used for sms'ing
Norway alltheweb - lolita angels
Singapore google - häagen-dazs singapore esplanade
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Singapore google - close up ketupat photo
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Singapore lycos - kickboxing in singapore
Singapore lycos - picture of kampong in early singapore
Singapore yahoo - photo of lontong
Singapore yahoo - novena mrt station and ghosts
Singapore yahoo - roti kirai
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U A E rediff - aishwarya rai bathing
U K google - ali setan sheila majid film
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U S A yahoo - ketupat weaving
U S A yahoo - apartment submission wrestling
U S A yahoo - famous restroom pub soho NY

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